Engineering 1 - Engineering: Chapter 1 Engineering: An...

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Engineering: An Introduction to a Creative Profession Chapter 1: Engineering Achievements of the Past The Beginnings of Engineering: 6000-3000 B.C. About 8000 years ago, man began to cultivate plants, domesticate animals, and build permanent houses Communities led to a need for increased food production The ax was one of man’s first inventions Irrigation systems to promote crop growing were one of the first engineering projects Other advancements were the plow, yoke, wheel and axle, written symbols, and mathematics Knowledge was recorded on soft clay (cuneiform characters) in Mesopotamia, on papyrus (paperlike material from the inner fibers of a reed) in the Nile Valley Engineering in Early Civilizations: 3000-600 B.C. The Babylonians used a number system based on 60 instead of 10, which led to our measures of time and angle The Egyptians built the Great Pyramid beginning in about 2900 B.C. . They also maintained land boundaries and irrigation systems Egyptian culture declined due to the lack of pressure to continue development Science of the Greeks and Romans: 600 B.C. –A.D. 400 Greek civilization grew when Egyptian civilization declined
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course ENGINEER 183 taught by Professor Herrera during the Spring '08 term at Ohio State.

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Engineering 1 - Engineering: Chapter 1 Engineering: An...

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