Ch. 4 Justice and Fairness--John Broome - Ch 4 Justice and Fairness-John Broome November-14-13 1:22 PM Goodness versus justice Two types of moral duties

Ch. 4 Justice and Fairness--John Broome - Ch 4 Justice and...

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Ch. 4 Justice and Fairness--John BroomeNovember-14-131:22 PMGoodness versus justiceTwo types of moral duties govern our response to climate change:1.Duties of goodness/beneficence: are not owed to people a.morality requires that you try to improve the world a.i.e.g. You should give some money to people who are poorer than you a.However, you are not required or even permitted to do every action that will improve the worlda.i.e.g. You can't act like Robin Hood and steal from the rich to give to the poor because the end does not justify the means. a.ii.Some duties of justice restrict some duties of goodness and generally duties of justice are seen as stronger than duties of goodness 1.Duties of justice: are owed by one persons to another particular person a.When you owe a duty of justice to do something, someone has a right thatyou do it a.i.e.g. you have a right not to be robbed or killed a.Generally requires us not to harm others Broome thinks individuals and governments have moral duties Anarchist William Godwin argued that duties of goodness are duties of justiceHe thought that whoever can make the best use of any object has a right to it So Robin Hood is morally justified as long as the poor could make better use of the rich's money than the poor could Are Emissions an Injustice?Broome thinks that GHG emissions are normally unjust1.The harm caused by your emissions is the result of something you do2.The harm we do by our emissions is serious a.The total effects of our GHG emissions are not trivial b.The annual emissions of a single person living in a rich country shortens people's lives by a few days in total (each persons probably causes 6 months of death total) 1.The harm is not accidental: we do harm that is the predicted result of
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