Linguistic realtivism - Universal Grammar and Linguistic...

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Universal  Grammar and  Linguistic  Relativism LIN 306 January 23, 2008
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Universal Grammar (UG) Noam Chomsky The “Martian Anthropologist”: would conclude that the world's  languages are all dialects of a  single language  reflects a hardwired linguistic  module inherent in the human  brain
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Universal Grammar Not a grammar, but a state The initial state of the language faculty  when we are born Constraints on all possible human  languages Linguistics seeks to discover the  principles of UG
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Evidence All human communities have language There are no ‘primitive’ languages Children learn any language they are  exposed to without conscious effort All languages are capable of: Forming an infinite number of sentences Expressing any thought or idea Negation, forming questions, referring to past and  future time, etc.
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course LIN 306 taught by Professor Shields during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Linguistic realtivism - Universal Grammar and Linguistic...

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