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Phonology II-Analysis - How to do Phonological Analysis LIN...

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How to do Phonological Analysis LIN 306 February 8, 2008
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More IPA Practice Transcribe into IPA: Xerox unicycle extinguish frighten thumb writer timetable euphemism sixths
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The Phoneme Phoneme: a set of sounds considered to be the “same” by a native speaker. Allophones: phonetic variants of a phoneme /t/ phoneme in English has 5 allophones: [t h ], [t], [ ʔ ], [ ɾ ], Ø
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Finding Phonemes Phonemes make meaningful contrasts Allophones do not Minimal pair: a pair of words having different meanings that differ by only one speech sound Minimal pairs prove that two sounds contrast, and are thus different phonemes
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Minimal pairs in Hindi [k h l] ə “wicked person” [k l] ə “yesterday, tomorrow” [p h l] ə “fruit” [p l] ə “moment” These data show that unlike English , [k h ] and [k] as well as [p h ] and [p] are separate phonemes in Hindi.
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Sound Distributions Overlapping distribution: when two sounds occur in the same phonetic environment bait [be ɪ t] date [de ɪ t] curb [k h rb] ə curd [k h rd]
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