Chapter 3 Outline

Chapter 3 Outline - Chapter 3 Outline Personal and Social...

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Chapter 3 Outline: Personal and Social Development I. Personality Development A. Temperament:  how a student reacts to environmental factors i. influence learning opportunities ii. affect how students engage classroom activities B. Parent’s Influence i. significant impact on child’s personality ii. closely attached to parents – amiable, independent, self  confident; not as attached – unpopular, disruptive,  aggressive C. Parenting Styles i. Authoritative: a. loving and supportive b. hold high expectations c. include children in decision making d. provide age-appropriate independence ii. Authoritarian: a. less emotional warmth b. high expectations and standards c. establish rules w/o children’s input d. little give-and-take in decision making iii. Permissive: a. loving, supportive b. few expectations or standards c. rarely punish children d. let children make own decisions iv. Uninvolved: a. little, if any, emotional support b. few expectations or standards c. little interest in children’s lives - Child Maltreatment:  parents neglect children;  fail to provide nutritious meals, adequate  clothing, and other basic necessities of life D. Cultural Expectations and Socialization
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i. Socialization :  shape child’s views to fit that of the  culture ii. Culture Shock :  Confused feeling in a new  environment that differs from own II. Development of Sense of Self A. Intro i. your perceptions, beliefs, judgments, and feelings about  who you are as a person is defined as your  sense of  self   ii. Children and adolescents tend to act in ways that mirror  their beliefs about themselves B. Factors Influencing Sense of Self i. Previous Performance - students’ self-assessments are influenced by  prior success ii. Behaviors of Others - students performance to others in activities  alters their self-evaluations - are also affected by how others behave  towards them iii. Group Membership and Achievements - ethnic identity  – children are both aware and  proud of their ethnic group and willing to adopt  some of the group’s behaviors  C. Developmental Changes in Self i. childhood - children think of themselves in concrete,  observable characteristics and behaviors - in racially and culturally diverse communities - positive sense of self
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course EDUC 201 taught by Professor Fissler during the Fall '08 term at Messiah.

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Chapter 3 Outline - Chapter 3 Outline Personal and Social...

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