Chapter 5 Outline

Chapter 5 Outline - Chapter 5 Outline: Individual...

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Chapter 5 Outline: Individual Differences and Special Educational Needs I. Intelligence A. Intelligence: the ability to apply prior knowledge and experiences  flexibly to accomplish challenging new tasks i. is adaptive ii. is related to learning ability iii. involves use of prior knowledge iv. involves interaction and coordination of mental  processes v. is culture-specific B. Theoretical Perspectives  i. Charles Spearman: concept of g - Compromises: a single, pervasive reasoning ability (general) narrow abilities (specific) - variety of contexts ii. Raymond Cattell:  Fluid and Crystallized - two completely different components of general  intelligence (g) fluid: ability to acquire knowledge quickly and  adapt to new situations effectively crystallized: knowledge and skills accumulated  from experiences, schooling, and culture - 3 layers iii. Howard Garner: Multiple Intelligences - relatively independent of one another - manifest themselves differently in different cultures - (Table 5.1) iv. Robert Sternberg: Triarchic Theory
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Chapter 5 Outline - Chapter 5 Outline: Individual...

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