Exam_I__Spring_06__key_attached

Exam_I__Spring_06__key_attached - Resources Exam I 60...

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Unformatted text preview: Resources Exam I, 60 Questions, Form B Name (print) - Note — Do not rush. Read carefully. For the true false questions everything must be true. 1) Which of the following are considered renewable resources? 1) petroleum ‘ 2) wind 3) Solar energy 4) coal 5) l + 4 6) 2 + 3 7) 2 + 3 + 4 2) Which of these elements are considered scarce in the Earth’s crust, ' 1) copper 2) silica 3) aluminum 4) iron . 5) 2 + 3 6) 2 + 3 + 4 7) all of the above 3) Petroleum used in the tires of an Automobile is a, l) renewable, nonmetallic resource 2) renewable, energy resource ' 3) non-renewable, nonmetallic resource 4) non-renewable, energy resource 5) None of the above 4) What is the current rate of natural populafion increase (births-deaths) in the US? 1) 0.1% 2) 0.7% 3) 1.3% 4) 2.5% 5) 13% 6) 33% 5) What is the definition of a resource? 1) Contains reserves that meets minimum criteria for current technological practices 2) a material that is presently economically and legally extractable 3) the total amount in the earth’s crust 4) natural concentrations that have potential for economic extraction —\.. 6) In the quantity (y—axis) versus time (x-axis) graph above line 1 represents, 1) Resource growth 2) Population growth 3) Reserve replenishment 4) None of the above 7) Silver used to make jewelry is an example of: 1). a nomenewable resource 2) a'metallic resource 3) a scarce metal 4) 1 + 2 5) all of the above. 8) Based on classification of resources with similar uses andfor properties, ' Wood used to build a house would be considered: 1) renewable 2) an energy resource 5) 1 + 2 3) non-renewable 6) l + 4 4) a non-metallic resource 9) The environmental problem that is causing the biggest impact and is the root of all other envirOnmental problems, and/or greatly exacerbates them, is; 1) poverty 2) degradation of habitats 3) extinction of species 4) pollution 5) overpopulation 6) increasing resource use 10) US gas prices are likely to own the next 5 years. ‘ 1) decrease - 3) increase 2) remain the same ‘ 12) Country which has the largest population in the world today (From figure above 1-10) ' 13) which is projected to have the largest population in the world in 2050 (From figure above 1-10) - 14) The amount of resources available to a country, divided by that country‘s population, describes the country's: 1) gross domestic product 2) strategic outlook 3) standard of living I 4) debt structure 5) population pyramid 15) The original energy source for renewable resources is: 1) gravity 2) radioactivity within the earth 3) the rotational energy of the earth 4) the sun 5) the oceans 16) Between the 19605 and 2004 the 1311:; of the US’s population change has, 1) Decreased 2) Remained stable 3) Increased 17) US petroleum production is.. 1) Increasing 2) Decreasing 3) Remaining constant 18) World petroleum consumption is... . 1) Increasing 2) Decreasing 3) Remaining constant 1 9) The Developed Nations have _% of the World population and consume approximately_% of the Worlds Resources. 1) 5, 25 '4) 50, 85 2) 10, 25 [5) 80, 15 3) 20, 85 6) 99, 15 20) The time it takes. for a specificdeposit of a resource to be depleted can be extended by, _ 1) Reducing consumption of the resource 2) Recycling and reuse of the resource 3) Ignoring environmental impacts 4) All of the above 31+2 6)1+3 7)2+3 21) The United States has _% of the World population and consumes approm'mately_% of the World Resources. 1) 2, 2 2) 5, 5 4) 20, 5 3) 5,30 5) 20, 30 22) In 2004, legal and illegal immigration accounted for approximately __ of the US population growth 1) 5% 2) 10% 3) 20% 4) 45% 5) 75% 23) Which of the following statements are correct? 1) our resource base is smaller than an individual resource 2) our resource base is larger than an individual resource 3) our resource base is the surface of the earth 4) 1 + 3 5) 2 + 3 24) What is the driving force of Plate Tectonics? 1) Conduction 2) Sublimation 3) Convection 4) Solar energy 25) What is coal mostly used for in the U.S.? 1) home heating ' 2) industrial heating 3) electricity generation . 4) tran5portation 5) steel production 26) Surface coal mining when compared to the underground coal mining, 1) is safer ‘ 2) causes less environmental impacts 3) is cheaper > 4)Alloftheabove 6)2+3 5) 1 + 3 p 7) 1 + 2 27) The theory of Plate tectonics explains; A 1) the ocburrence of earthquakes 2) the occurrence of volcanoes 3) the occurrence of mountains 4) the external processes that concentrate resources ‘ 5) 1 + 2 + 3 6) All of the above 28) US energy consumption is _% non-renewable and % renewable. 1) 99,1 4) 7o, 30 2) 90,10 5). 60,40 3) ‘80, 20 6) 50,50 29) Germany’s first defeat in the war by the Brits was mainly caused by, I . 1) the lack of suflicient fuel for the German planes 2) the superior 100 octane fuel used in the British planes ‘ 3) the help fiom US pilots 4) none of the above 5) all of the above 30) The majority of the identified World Oil reserves (liquid petroleum) are located in 1) Former Soviet Union 2) United States 3) Canada 4) OPEC Countries 5) Antarctic .31) In 2004, China consumed day than the US 1) more 2) less 3) about the same amount of petroleum per 32) All of the following are renewable or perpetual resources except; ‘ 1) wind 2) trees in a forest 3) minerals that are required to make copper wire 4) grass used for grazing 5) sunlight 6) winds, tides, and flowing water 33) Examples of developing countries include 1) most of the African Countries ' 2) England and Japan 3) Iraq and Iran 4) all of the above 5) 1 + 3 6) 2 + 3 34) The “per capita ecologic footprint” of the ' Netherlands is roughly half that of the US because 1) We live in a “throw away” sooiety 2) we drive much bigger, less fuel efficient vehicles 3) their mass transit system is far superior 4) many more people ride bicycles 5) all of the above are important factors 6) none of the above are important factors 35) Countries around the world are labeled as developed versus developing according to what? 1) their population ‘ 2) their cultural tendencies 3) their political system or type-of government 4) their industrialization and wealth (per capita gross domestic product) 36) What is the Human population new on Earth? 1) just over 6 million ' 2) just over 60 million 3) just over 600 million 4) just over 6 billion 5) just over 60 billion 37) What is‘a good definition of sustainability? 1) humans living with the planet in such a way that they do not cross long term, irrevocable decline thresholds for soil, water, biosystems, and the atmosphere 2) using what we need, when we need it, trusting through human ingenuity, there will always be some innovations that will allow for future generations to survive on this planet ' 38) Which of the following does not describe a sustainable society? 1) meets the needs of its people without jeopardizing the needs of fiiture generations 2) manages its economy and population size without exceeding the carrying capacity of the environment ' 3) utilizes nonranewable resources for maximum benefit of the current generation 39) Scientists 1) never change there mind 2) always come up with the right answer 3) don’t have much left to discover considering the explosion of knowledge in the last 100 years 4) dothe best they can to explain the natural workings of the world around us - True/False frge —1 lFalse — ‘2) 40) The Biosphere 2 project was a failure in designing a self-sustaining life-support system. 41) __ The population pyramid of India is best represented by a rectangle 42) Within the next 10 years in the US, non- renewable energy sources will produce more energy than renewable sources 43)_ Importing energy resources from other countries to the US is a sustainable situation 44) At the present average world population growth rate it will take at least 150 years for the world’s ' population to double 45) The class results for the ecologic footprint survey revealed that between 3 and 5 planet Earths are necessary to support our present lifestyle 46) Since the 1950s in the US renewable energy has received 10% of the total federal research funds that have been allocated to energy research I 47) Middle Eastern oil became a critical resource for the Americans in the Pacific in World War ll 48) The coal mining industry has ahigher rate of injuries and illnesses per‘100 employees than the agriculture or construction industries 49) The replacement fertility rate (RFR) necessary to keep a Developed countries population level is 2.1 50) There is enough oil stored in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to meet the entire US petroleum needs for more than 2 years 51) Soy beans can be produced with almost no nitrogen fertilizer 52) If the present world’s population was represented by 100 people, the vast majority of the 100 people would own a computer 53) During WWII the main reasonfor the Japanese Kamikaze pilots was the lack of petroleum for the return trip 54) The technology is available today to convert switch grass into ethanol ‘ 55) The crustal abundance of carbon is greater than that of oxygen ' 56) Electric Motors in appliances have become much more efficient in the last 10 years and this efficiency can translate to a significant decrease in household energy consumption 57) The transform plate boundary has very little influence on resource location and formation 58) Sedimentary rocks are formed by external processes Fill in the Blank using a — 1: below (1 — 8 epscan) 59) Is the element we use in the greatest amount 60) Is the element that is mainly responsible for the Earth’s energy flux ' a) hydrogen ' t) aluminum b) carbon ' g) oxygen 0) iron h) argon d) uranium ' e) silica ®®®®®®G®®®0600©®®®®®®0®0®®®®®0 @[email protected]@[email protected]@9®®®®®®®®®®®®® @00000000000000000000000000000 ®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®® F@@[email protected] E®®@@@@[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected] [email protected]@[email protected]@® c©®©®®©®§®©®®®©®®©®®©®®®©®®©®®© [email protected]@®@@[email protected] @[email protected]@®@@®@@®®® I©®®©0®®®0® a ®@@®® 0®®®® @[email protected] ®®®®@ ©®®®® GHEJ uni-Has Mu ON THE BACK OF THiS SHEET. 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This test prep was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course GEOS 1024 taught by Professor Meschreiber during the Spring '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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Exam_I__Spring_06__key_attached - Resources Exam I 60...

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