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Kohlberg’s Moral Development 1Kohlberg’s Moral DevelopmentJennifer Kirtman, Kelly Styer, Larry Johnson, Robert Murtha, and Daniel LynchPSYCH/600 Developmental PsychologyMay 5, 2014Dr. Jody Pendleton
Kohlberg’s Moral Development 2Kohlberg’s Moral DevelopmentI. Introduction – Larry Johnson (150 words)Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral DevelopmentAccording to Capstick (1982), Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is made of threemajor categories; pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional. Each of these three categories consists of two stages, totaling six stages to form the complete theory. Beginning with the pre-conventional category, stage one is the first look into moral development in which obedience and punishments are taught. Most commonly in this stage is when children are taught consequence and reward and develop the desire to comply to avoid the punishment that is lined out (Csatary, 1980). Stage two is a gradual step in age to were children understand the rules and punishments, but is interested in their own self interests and how different acts are judges and viewed in a beneficial self need mind set (Capstick, 1982). The conventional category is made up of stage three and four. According to Csatary (1980), stage three is when interpersonal relationships are forming and is often focused on children learning to be nice. Children in this stage are lead to conform to social roles and expectations. Csatary (1980), continues with stage four in building awareness to the importance of following society’s rules and laws. Different individual reach this point at different times but learning the importance of maintaining order in the society in which an individual reside is what helps develop the sense ofduty, loyalty, and respect for the authorities. The final of the three categories is; post-conventional. This category is designed to help individuals be an addition to the society in which they live. Stage five is the time frame in which an individual develops an understanding of the importance of values and how differences in areas, such as; beliefs, values, or opinions are an individual’s right and are important to form a complete society (Capstick, 1982). Lastly,
Kohlberg’s Moral Development 3stage six is the last of the stages that Kohlberg developed for moral development. During this stage individuals make ethical decisions based on abstract reasoning and ethical principles.