Identifications (SHw) - 1 Feudalism Feudalism was a way of...

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1.Feudalism: Feudalism was a way of carrying on some kind of government or politics ina local basis where nothing was exactly organized. In the feudal system, the lord, alsoknown as the king, protected the vassals, or the lesser lords, and assured them justice andfirm occupancy of his land. The lord and the vassals together decided and judgedaccording to the common recollection or customary law of the district. If a vassal died,leaving only small children, the lord has to take them under his guardianship,guaranteeing them the rightful heirs in the mean time. Correspondingly, the vassalsagreed to serve the lord as a fighting man for a certain number of days a year, and alsoowed it to the lord to attend and advise him. But when a lord had a child or get married,the vassal paid a fee. Feudalism only applied strictly to the military and the noble class,and it did not apply to the peasants. Feudalism is important because it was out of thismutual or contractual characteristic that the ideas of constitutional government laterdeveloped.2.Manorial system: The manorial system was an agricultural base on which a ruling classwas supported. The lord, for his part, could not drive and villager or peasants away. Heowed them protection and the administration of justice. In return, peasants would workon the lord’s field and give him part of their own produced crops. No money was usedbecause virtually there was no money in circulation. The manorial system supported alsothe clergy, for the church held much land in the form of manors. It gave protection fromphysical violence, and give the framework of mutual living without which peasants couldnot live and grow their crops. Due to the manorial system, population grew with theincrease of food supply as the more and more people were needed for agriculture. Later,the peasants became restless among their spirits and many went off to new towns, leavingthe manor.3.Ending of serfdom in West Europe: By the fiftenneth century, the growth of townsgradually increased the demand for foods. Lords began to clear new lands. All westernEurope set about developing a kind of internal frontier. Formerly, villages had been

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