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Chapter 9 Outline

Chapter 9 Outline - Chapter 9 Outline Behaviorists Views of...

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Chapter 9 Outline: Behaviorists Views of Learning I. Basic Assumptions of Behaviorism A. Influenced by environmental stimuli i. people are born with a ‘blank slate’ ii. conditioning: molding the blank slate B. Learning termed with associations among stimuli and responses i. ‘black box’ ii. Responses: (R) specific behavior an individual exhibits iii. Stimuli: (S) specific object or event that influences individual’s learning or behavior C. Learning involves a behavior change i. “a long-term change in mental representations or associations as a result of experience” D. Learning is most likely to take place when stimuli & responses occur close together i. Contiguity: occurrences of two or more events at approx. the same time. E. Species of animals (and humans) learn in similar ways II. Classical Conditioning (Pavlov) A. Classical Conditioning: when we learn from two stimuli being presented at the same time i. unconditioned stimulus (ucs): meat ii. unconditioned response (ucr): dog salivating over meat iii. neutral stimulus: tuning fork iv. conditioned stimulus (cs): tuning fork v. conditioned response (cr): dog salivating over tuning fork B.
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