Chapter 10 Outline

Chapter 10 Outline - Chapter 10 Outline Social Cognitive...

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Chapter 10 Outline: Social Cognitive Views of Learning I. Basic Assumptions of Social Cognitive Theory A. People can learn by observing others i. Don’t’ need to learn via trial-and-error, but rather by observing models B. Learning is internal – may or may not lead to a behavior change C. People and their environments mutually influence each other i. learners affect their environments too - the responses we make, internal cognitive processes ii. reciprocal causation : environment, behavior, and person D. Behavior is directed toward particular goals i. people set own motivational goals E. Behavior becomes increasingly self-regulated i. self-regulation – set own goals and then try to attain them II. The Social Cognitive View of Reinforcement and Punishment A. Consequences effect behavior IF learners recognize contingency i. need to emphasize why the reinforcement is taking place B. Learners form expectations about likely consequences of future actions and act accordingly C. Expectations are influences by what happens to others too i. vicarious reinforcement/punishment – see others rewarded or punished – makes us act that way D.
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