PSY205 Exam1 Review

PSY205 Exam1 Review - PSYCH REVIEW CH 1 P 1-26 CH 2 P 37-61...

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PSYCH REVIEW CH 1 P. 1-26 CH 2 P. 37-61 CH 3 P. 73-99 CH 4 P. 124-132, 135-148 CH 5 P. 173-189 199-206 CHAPTER 1 Beginning of Psychology - Psychology is “study of the mind,” or the scientific study of conscious experience - Psychology’s parents were philosophy and physiology - Wilhelm Wundt made psychology an independent discipline - 1879 is psychology’s “date of birth” - G. Stanley Hall contributed to the growth of psychology in America; first American research laboratory; first American psychology journal (APA) Schools of Psychology - Structuralism: analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related (introspection: self-observation of one’s own conscious experience) Edward Titchener - Functionalism: investigate the function or purpose of consciousness William James (Wrote Principles of Psychology): influenced by Darwin’s theory of natural selection; believed in “stream of consciousness” - Psychoanalysis: focus on unconscious determinants of behavior Sigmund Freud - Behaviorism: scientific psychology should study only observable behavior John B. Watson: nature versus nurture B.F. Skinner: people are controlled by their environment, not by themselves (no free will) - Gestalt Psychology Max Wertheimer: the motion picture, the phi phenomenon - Associationists Ivan Pavlov: trained dogs to salivate in response to a stimulus (classical conditioning) Thorndike: puzzle box, law of effect - Humanism: emphasizes the unique qualities of humans (optimistic view) Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow: humans are free, rational beings with the potential for personal growth, and they are different from animals - Positive psychology: uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and
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fulfilling aspects of human existence. - Psychology as a profession Clinical psychology: stimulated by WWII Experimental psychology Counseling psychology Educational psychology Developmental psychology Psychometrics: design of tests to assess personality, intelligence, and a wide range of abilities - Psychology as a profession Social Forensic Engineering Health Political Cognition and Physiology - Cognition: mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge; human behavior cannot be fully understood without considering how people think Jean Piaget: study of children’s cognitive development Noam Chomsky: psychological underpinning of language James Olds: electrical stimulation of the brain could evoke emotional reponses Roger Sperry: division of the right and left halves of the brain
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSY 205 taught by Professor Palfai during the Spring '08 term at Syracuse.

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PSY205 Exam1 Review - PSYCH REVIEW CH 1 P 1-26 CH 2 P 37-61...

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