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PSY 205 EXAM 2 REVIEW! - PSY 205 EXAM 2 REVIEW CH 6 7 11 16...

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PSY 205 EXAM 2 REVIEW CH 6, 7, 11, 16 STUDY LECTURE NOTES (ON BLACKBOARD) CHAPTER 6: LEARNING (ENTIRE CHAPTER) PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1. As a result of repeatedly opening a can of cat food with an electric can opener, your cat now comes running at the sound of the can opener. In this example, the can opener represents the: conditioned stimulus (CS) CLASSICAL CONDITIONING 2. After you eat a bad meal at a local restaurant you become extremely ill. Since then, just seeing the restaurant makes you feel queasy. In this case, what is the conditioned response (CR)? Becoming queasy after seeing the restaurant CLASSICAL CONDITIONING 3. You have been classically conditioned to respond every time your cell phone rings. The reason you don’t respond to unfamiliar ring tones is because you’ve achieved: stimulus discrimination CLASSICAL CONDITIONING (discrimination/generalization) 4. You just bought a new car and decided to switch from a manual to an automatic transmission. But now, every time you start the car you notice yourself reaching for the non-existent gearshift. This behavior is an example of: stimulus generalization CLASSICAL CONDITIONING 5. Gambling addictions are developed through operant conditioning because most games, including slot machines, operate by this reinforcement schedule: variable ratio OPERANT CONDITIONING (reinforcement schedule) 6. Your psychology professor tests his students using a fixed interval reinforcement schedule. Unfortunately, he’s noticed that many students wait until the night before an exam to start studying. This is an example of: scalloping OPERANT CONDITIONING 7. This psychologist’s work challenged conventional views of operant conditioning by demonstrating that rats developed “cognitive maps” of mazes even without receiving reinforcement. Edward Tolman SUMMARY KEY CONCEPTS Classical conditioning - Ivan Pavlov - UCS/CS & UCR/CR - Stimulus generalization/discrimination Operant conditioning - BF Skinner - Reinforcement schedules Variable vs. fixed
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Ratio vs. Interval KEY TERMS - Extinction - Spontaneous Recovery - Scalloping Effect - Insight Learning: chimpanzee figures out how to get a banana off a string (stacked the boxes up to get the banana); epiphany of a new idea -
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PSY 205 EXAM 2 REVIEW! - PSY 205 EXAM 2 REVIEW CH 6 7 11 16...

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