exam 1 review - Exam #1 Review Sociological Imagination A...

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Exam #1 Review Sociological Imagination A quality of mind that allows one to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two in society Human beings cannot be understood apart from the social and historical structures in which they are formed and interact Sociological Perspectives Functionalist Perspective o Comte, Martineau, Durkheim o Society is a complex system of interrelated parts working together o Each structure performs a function necessary in order for it to adapt and survive in its environment o Most important functions: those of adaptation to its environment, goal attainment, integration of members, and rewarding individuals o Manifest functions have intended consequences o Latent functions have unintended and unexpected consequences o Social dysfunction is a function that disrupts society o Social order: consensual agreement reflecting shared values/norms that bind a community together o Authority, rules, regulations o Classes and conflict are inevitable and serve a function in society Conflict Perspective o Marx, Weber, W.E.B. Du Bois, feminists o Society is an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change, it is unstable o Focuses on disintegration and coercion rather than consensus/equilibrium o The social order is maintained through coercion; some dominate others in the struggle for power o Power is not legitimate, it is the result of privilege and injustice o Dominant vs. oppressed groups Culture Culture = values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects that form a people’s way of life o Culture is shared, learned, taken for granted, symbolic, varies across time and space, has consequences, reflects status and power in society Subculture = groups set apart from the rest of the population o Members dress, speak, or have different beliefs from mainstream American culture Counterculture = cultural patterns that strongly oppose those that are accepted in society
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exam 1 review - Exam #1 Review Sociological Imagination A...

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