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Yanira RomanWalden University Final ProjectMay 9, 2021
Elderly Adults & DepressionAccording to the World Health Organization (2017), depression can cause great suffering and leads to impaired daily functioning for individuals suffering through depression. Depression occurs in 7% of older adults and it accounts for 5.7% of those over 60 years old (WHO, 2017). Many times, depression can be underdiagnosed and, in some cases, untreated (WHO, 2017). WHO (2017) predicts that between 2015 and 2050 the portion of the world’s older adults suffering through depression will double from 12% to 22%. There can be many health factors for older adults to suffer through mental health problems, and aging life can be a significant factor (WHO, 2017). Older adults may be faced with an array of health problems that can contribute to their depression: WHO (2017) states, mobility issues, the impact of getting older and being unable to care for self independently, loneliness, and even chronic pain. Evidenced Based Interventions in Older Adults with DepressionCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a commonly used intervention to treat individuals battling with clinical depression. Meta-Analyses found the effectiveness of CognitiveBehavioral Therapy (CBT) with individuals that struggled with depression, especially amongst older adults, they found improved psychosocial functioning with older adults in England who were not receiving previous mental health services (Nguyen, Duy, 2013). Researchers found that CBT was one intervention that demonstrated positive results with those in which showcased depressive symptoms. Another evidence-based therapy that was found to have positive results in that of treating depressive symptoms amongst older adults was Problem Solving Therapy (PST). Problem
Solving Therapy is a form of therapy that focuses on identifying a problem or problems in whichan individual is struggling with and findings ways in which that problem can be solved. A social worker might implement PST to assist the patient is addressing key stressors and reduce them to impact positively the patients life. For example, when working with an individual that is battling with severe depressive like symptoms associate with older age and feeling alone due to his/her old age, the social worker would work collaboratively with the patient to find ways in which to minimize those symptoms. Identifying the problem, addressing the possible solutions and building resiliency for the patient. Kiosses (2014), stated that PST led to a significant reduction in the individual’s depression symptoms, especially with those patients with minor depressive symptoms.