Digital Foundations terms

Digital Foundations terms - Bit- Also called binary digit....

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Bit - Also called binary digit. a single, basic unit of information, used in connection with computers and information theory. Byte - In computer technology, a unit of information made up of bits (often eight bits). The memory capacity of a typical personal computer runs from millions to billions of bytes. Kilobyte - A unit of computer memory or data storage capacity equal to 1,024 (2 10 ) bytes. Megabyte - A unit of computer memory or data storage capacity equal to 1,048,576 (2 20 ) bytes. Gigabyte - A unit of computer memory or data storage capacity equal to 1,024 megabytes (2 30 bytes). USB - An external peripheral interface standard for communication between a computer and external peripherals over an inexpensive cable using biserial transmission. Firewire - Apple Inc. 's brand name for the IEEE 1394 interface (although the 1394 standard also defines a backplane interface). It is also known as i.LINK ( Sony's name) and DV ( Panasonic's name, not to be confused with DV camcorder tapes). It is a serial bus interface standard , for high- speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer, frequently used in a personal computer (and digital audio / digital video ). Operating System - the collection of software that directs a computer's operations, controlling and scheduling the execution of other programs, and managing storage, input/output, and communication resources. Abbreviation: OS CPU - central processing unit: the key component of a computer system, which contains the circuitry necessary to interpret and execute program instructions. RAM - computer memory available to the user for creating, loading, or running programs and for the temporary storage and manipulation of data, in which time of access to each item is independent of the storage sequence. ROM - computer memory in which program instructions, operating procedures, or other data are permanently stored, generally on electronic chips during manufacture, and that ordinarily cannot be changed by the user. Hardware - the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical devices comprising a computer system, as the CPU, disk drives, keyboard, or screen. Software - the programs used to direct the operation of a computer, as well as documentation giving instructions on how to use them. Pixel - The basic unit of the composition of an image on a television screen, computer monitor, or similar display. Input Device - A device, such as a keyboard, used to enter information into a computer. Output Device - A device, such as a printer, video display, or speaker, that presents data from a computer to a user.
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Browser - a software program that allows the user to find and read encoded documents in a form suitable for display, esp. such a program for use on the World Wide Web. MHZ
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Digital Foundations terms - Bit- Also called binary digit....

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