CHM231ectures4-07

CHM231ectures4-07 - Chapter 3 Alkanes and Their...

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I. First class to learn ALKANES - compounds compose of ONLY carbon and hydrogen – no other groups are present 1. Saturated hydrocarbons – saturated means all carbon atoms have the maximum number of single bonds A. Alkane terms - also called Hydrocarbons or paraffins Chapter 3 – Alkanes and Their Stereochemistry Homework: 4, 7-17, 20, 23,30, 31, 34-36, 38-42, 45-48 B. Parent formulas and structures – see chalkboard
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Methane - gas (at room temp/pressure) Ethane - Propane - Butane - C. General properties of alkanes Pentane – liquid Hexane – liquid Heptane – liquid Octane – liquid Nonane – liquid Decane – liquid Octadecane (C 18 H 38 ) solid paraffin wax 1. Gasoline: what is its composition? Why is it so efficient as a fuel? What are our alternatives? 1. Isobutane 12. 3–Methylhexane 23. o –Xylene 2. n –Butane 13. 2,3,4–Trimethylpentane 24. 1–Methyl–3–ethylbenzene 3. Isopentane 14. n –Heptane 25. 1,3,6–Trimethylbenzene 4. n –Pentane 15. 2,5–Dimethylhexane 26. 1,2,4–trimethylbenzene 5. 2,3–Dimethylbutane 16. 2,4–Dimethylhexane
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course CHEM 231 taught by Professor Kyler during the Spring '08 term at IUP.

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CHM231ectures4-07 - Chapter 3 Alkanes and Their...

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