8 A World War II a - 1 World War II Slowly Germany began to make demands in Europe from Austria and Czechoslovakia in 1938 Eventually this lead to

8 A World War II a - 1 World War II Slowly Germany began to...

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1 World War II Slowly, Germany began to make demands in Europe from Austria and Czechoslovakia in 1938. Eventually this lead to Germany’s invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939. The events leading up to this point were the results of governments that came to power in Germany, Russia, and Italy along with new ideologies of communism, fascism, and Nazism. Germany was the super power that was unstoppable in Europe. Without Britain, Russia and the United States, Germany would have been victorious and the Jewish Holocaust would have been treated differently in the history books. Long Term Causes Totalitarian Governments based on ideology The Effects of the Treaty of Versailles Hitler’s Germany Short Term Causes Japanese and Italian Expansion Anschluss- Hitler annexed Austria Appeasement Spanish Civil War Nazi-Soviet Pact WAR Causes of World War II by Walter Cronkite (Watch parts later in Lecture) Part 1 Money in Germany is useless Part 2 *Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7 Part 8 Part 9 Part 10 Part 11
2 LONG TERM CAUSES TOTALITARIAN GOVERNMENTS BASED ON IDEOLOGY Three governments came to power that reflected ideology all based on totalitarianism The government controls all facets of life including politics, economics and information in order to support and promote its agenda. Country Ideology Policy/Practice Russia Communism Means of production/politics controlled by state Italy Fascism Means of production = capitalistic/politics controlled by state Germany Nazism RUSSIA V. I. Lenin became head of the Bolsheviks- a radical socialists group of the Mensheviks After the fall of Tsar Nicholas, Lenin won the support of the military, peasants, and workers with the slogan “Peace, Land, and Bread!” He moved to set up ‘soviets’ or governments that owned by the peasants and workers THE NOVEMBER 1917 COUP D’ETAT Lenin and his followers took over Russia’s Post office Communication (phone system) Electric generation plant Train Station The warship, under the control of the Bolsheviks, turned its guns towards the Winter Palace, where the government ministers were meeting. The government surrendered THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION Called the Bolshevik, October or November Revolution Took place Nov 7, 1917 (by the Gregorian calendar/Oct 24 by the Julian Calendar) Regular elections took place and the 225 seats of the 420 seats went to the Bolsheviks Lenin dissolved the assembly Challengers were Royalists, who favored the monarch Capitalists, who wanted a free market economy Mensheviks, who wanted a moderate government

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