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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2Poverty and Wealth Economic Inequality in the United States Social stratification- the system by which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy Produces social classes- categories of people who have similar access to resources and opportunities (life chances)- Poorest Place in US Loup County, Nebraska (712 people) $6, 606 National average income $30,000 In US income inequality has increased Income Inequality in the US Income-salary or wages from a job plus earning from investments or another source (stock, rentals) Median family income -$51,000 Highest-earning 20% of families earn as much as the rest of the 80% Last 50 years- gains for the rich are huge and small for the poor Wealth Inequality in the US Wealth-the total economic assets owned by a person or family (Money earned plus property, cars, stocks, businesses) Top 20% own 84% of all US wealth 5% own 60% 1% own 33% The Rich and the Poor The Rich- those who fall within the top 10 % of income distribution The 10 riches families in US make $225 billion Profile of Rich Older people Men more than women Married couples White Robin Hood Idea Taxation is used by the government to reduce economic inequality Progressive taxation- a policy that raises tax rates as income increases Profile of the U.S. poor Age: at greatest risk are children (35% or 1 in 6) Race: African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian are more at risk for being poor Gender: 56% women, 44% men...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course SOCI 20223 taught by Professor Steinsult during the Spring '07 term at TCU.
- Spring '07