CH 3 - Chapter 3:Racial and Ethnic Inequality Race A...

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Chapter 3:Racial and Ethnic Inequality Race A socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that a society defines as important Physical characteristics such as skin color, hair texture, facial features, and body shape have, for hundreds of years, been utilized as indicators of race Why Does Race Exist? o Sociologist claim that dividing humanity into racial categories is simply a strategy to allow some people to dominate others Classified humans in 1800’s o Negroid (African)” black” dark skin coarse hair Mongoloid (Asia) yellow or brown skin, folds on eyelids Racial Diversity Changed through immigration and reproduction Caucasians-both light and dark skin Negroid- dark and light (African and Australian aborigines) Racial Categories All human belong to a single biological species- Homosapiens Misleading and harmful Biologically pure races do not exist Ethnicity Ethnicity refers to a shared cultural heritage. Which typically involves common Multiracial People When people started to live in different regions of the world different traits emerged 7 million in US describe themselves as multiracial By 2060, white people will likely become a minority of the US population Racial profiling is the practice by which police target African Americans or other minorities as “suspicious” because of their color Some think racism exists to allow some people to dominate others Race and Ethnicity The racial and ethnic diversity in the United States is a product of immigration o The “Great Immigration” extended from the end of the Civil War (1865) until the outbreak of World War I (1914) Feared immigrants would weaken countries English culture, neighborhoods, and schools Recent Immigration The next great immigration began in 1965 when Congress ended the quota system.
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1990 limited immigration, but still more than 1 million each year Mainly Mexico and other Latin American nations, Philippines, South Korea, and other Asian nations Minorities Minority: any category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, that a society subjects to disadvantages and share a distinctive identity (includes African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and women) Minorities Characteristics They share a distinctive identity (racial or ethnic) Tend to be disadvantaged (less power) ¼ of US 4 Models of Population Interaction 1. Genocide – the systematic killing of one category of people by another. Murder,-tolerated by government and people ~Hitler-”undesirables” (homosexual, disabled, Jews). Stalin, Cambodia, Rwanda, Serbs 2. Segregation – the physical and social separation of categories of people. African
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CH 3 - Chapter 3:Racial and Ethnic Inequality Race A...

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