CH 4 - Chapter 4 Gender Inequality Inequality with Gender...

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Chapter 4: Gender Inequality Inequality with Gender Women earn 76 % as much as men Marriage improves health for men more than women o Concern for beauty gives men power over women What is Gender? Gender: the personal traits and life chances that a society links to being female or male. Social construction by all societies with inequalities Sex: the biological distinction between females and males determine by the embryo. Allows reproduction with two different roles Gender stratification- Unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women Patriarchy - social patterns by which males dominate females; “The rule of fathers” Matriarchy -females dominate males Women in poorer countries have less power than those in high-income nations Explanation of Patriarchy Males 10% taller, 20% heavier, 30 % stronger than females Muscles are less important in high-tech society Men better with visual-spatial task and math Women better on verbal ability Scientist have not found a significant difference in intelligence Aggressiveness from hormones not clear difference The Problem of Sexism Sexism is the assertion that one sex is innately inferior to the other Sexism supports patriarchy by claiming that men are “better” than women and therefore should dominate them (Congo). Gender Differences Sociologist believe patriarchy is mostly a creations of society Stereotypes divide humanity by constructing femininity and masculinity in opposing terms Gender Stereotypes A form of prejudice against women Feminine- passive, timid, dependent Sexism - assertion that one sex is less worthy than or even innately inferior to the other o Men run companies, women are secretaries o Men more in politics, women vote more o Men religious leader, women attend church more than men Gender and the Family The importance of gender to family life begins with the fact that most expectant parents prefer a son to a daughter (India, Russia, China).
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The influence continues in the childhood socialization process.
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