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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4: Gender Inequality Inequality with Gender • Women earn 76 % as much as men • Marriage improves health for men more than women o Concern for beauty gives men power over women What is Gender? • Gender: the personal traits and life chances that a society links to being female or male. Social construction by all societies with inequalities • Sex: the biological distinction between females and males determine by the embryo. Allows reproduction with two different roles Gender stratification- Unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women Patriarchy- social patterns by which males dominate females; “The rule of fathers” Matriarchy-females dominate males • Women in poorer countries have less power than those in high-income nations Explanation of Patriarchy • Males 10% taller, 20% heavier, 30 % stronger than females • Muscles are less important in high-tech society • Men better with visual-spatial task and math • Women better on verbal ability • Scientist have not found a significant difference in intelligence • Aggressiveness from hormones not clear difference The Problem of Sexism • Sexism is the assertion that one sex is innately inferior to the other • Sexism supports patriarchy by claiming that men are “better” than women and therefore should dominate them (Congo). Gender Differences • Sociologist believe patriarchy is mostly a creations of society • Stereotypes divide humanity by constructing femininity and masculinity in opposing terms Gender Stereotypes • A form of prejudice against women • Feminine- passive, timid, dependent • Sexism- assertion that one sex is less worthy than or even innately inferior to the other o Men run companies, women are secretaries o Men more in politics, women vote more o Men religious leader, women attend church more than men Gender and the Family • The importance of gender to family life begins with the fact that most expectant parents prefer a son to a daughter (India, Russia, China). •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course SOCI 20223 taught by Professor Steinsult during the Spring '07 term at TCU.
- Spring '07