CH 9 - CH9: Alcohol and Other Drugs 1,400 college students...

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CH9: Alcohol and Other Drugs 1,400 college students deaths and 70,000 cases of sexual assault or “date rape” due to alcohol yearly Is illegal drug use a victimless crime? More people die yearly from illegal drugs than from gunshots, car accidents, and AIDS combined Drugs and Culture Drug - any chemical substance other than food or water that affects the mind or body Definitions of drugs vary from society to society o Europeans drank alcohol and thought peyote was dangerous o Native Americans used peyote and thought alcohol was dangerous o South America coca (for cocaine) is legal and chewed by farmers for a “lift” Definitions of drugs have varied over time in the United States Attitudes toward cocaine Cocaine early on was seen as a medical panacea (Sigmund Freud used openly) Racism –afraid slaves would use it and become violent Chinese immigrants smoked opium U.S. Congress and the Harrison Act of 1914-banned the sale/use of cocaine and heroin Changing Views of Alcohol Alcohol is one of the most widely used drugs Important in colonial America Stereotyping undesirable immigrants o German’s beer o Irish's whiskey o Italian’s wine Changing Views of Alcohol 1920 Eighteenth Amendment –Temperance movement urged prohibition, banned sale of all alcohol Moonshine, speakeasies, gangsters (AL Capone) 1933 Congress repealed Eighteenth Amendment Extent of Drug Use Today A drug culture Almost everyone is a “user” Aspirin, caffeine, Ritalin, antidepressants, for pain, for sleep Most define drug use only for “illegal drugs”
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Why do People Use Drugs? Five reasons 1. Therapeutic -seizures, depression, diabetic, BP, headaches 2. Recreational -beer, wine, to feel good 3. Escapism- alcoholism 4. Spiritual or psychological - peyote, Native Americans religious rituals 5. Social Conformity –to fit in, peer pressure Use and Abuse Drug abuse -use of any illegal substance or to use of a legal substance( such as a prescription drug) in a way that violates accepted medical practice. A socially constructed boundary between acceptable and unacceptable behavior Some distinguish abuse by-the effect Can you function or suffer physical, mental or social harm (use and attend classes, grades) Addiction Addiction – a physical or psychological craving for a drug May have withdrawal symptoms (physical, chills, vomiting, seizures) Complex (depends on dosage, amount, physical/mental health of user) Dependency Dependency – a state in which a person’s body has adjusted to regular use of a drug (a habit) o Need the drug to feel normal (could be food or drugs) Types of Drugs One way to classify drugs is by the effects on the body and brain o Stimulants o Depressants o Hallucinogens o Steroids o Prescription drugs Types of Drugs Stimulants – drugs that elevate alertness, changing a person’s mood by increasing energy o Caffeine-most popular drug o Amphetamines
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course SOCI 20223 taught by Professor Steinsult during the Spring '07 term at TCU.

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CH 9 - CH9: Alcohol and Other Drugs 1,400 college students...

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