CH 14 - CH 14: Education The State of Education: A Global...

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CH 14: Education The State of Education: A Global Perspective Education - social institution by which society transmits knowledge- including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values- to its members Schooling -formal instruction carried out by specially trained teachers o Schooling is more available in some parts of the world than others o 850 million adults worldwide are unable to read or write o Limited in poor regions of the world because parents need their children to work to provide food and income Low-Income Countries: Too Little Schooling Literacy –the ability to read, write, and do basic arithmetic All nations provide for primary education of at least some children Poor nations are agrarian and rural and families take primary responsibility for education More likely to send boys than girls to school (sons stay close to home) Low rates of literacy is related to a lower quality of life for the world’s poor o Poorer health o Fewer job opportunities o Slows economic development High-Income Countries: Unequal Schooling Higher rates of schooling and literacy US leads the world in sending people to college. In both the US and Norway, 28% of the population aged 25 to 64 has a four-year college degree US illiteracy as high as 20%, 15 th out of 31 countries Since late 1960’s, high school students’ performance on the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) has declined Income is closely linked to how much schooling people receive. High school student from families earning more than $100,000 per year average 260 points higher on the Scholastic Assessment Test than those from families below $10,000 Education in U.S. History No reason to educate women African Americans –literacy would encourage rebellion. After Civil war, allowed, to separate and unequal schools Industrialization-need for a skilled labor force Schools to “Americanize” immigrants Catholics immigrants resisted and started first church- sponsored parochial schools in US By 1918 all states had laws making education mandatory o Requiring students to attend school till the age of 16 or through the completion of the eight grade o US -50 million students speak 100 different languages, in 100,000 public,
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parochial, and private schools The Effects of Race, Ethnicity and Class African American children living in a single parent family
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course SOCI 20223 taught by Professor Steinsult during the Spring '07 term at TCU.

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CH 14 - CH 14: Education The State of Education: A Global...

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