N629_(1) - Cooper Ch.2 Legal and Ethical Aspects of Nursing...

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Cooper Ch.2: Legal and Ethical Aspects of Nursing Civil law - Charged by an individual or agency - Resolved with a determination of accountability or innocences - Monetary settlements - Conduct violates a person’s rights - Conduct is detrimental to that individual - Involves an offense that is against an individual - Law’s purpose is to make the aggrieved person whole again, to restore them to their previous status Two ways laws are established - Statutory law - Developed by federal, state, and local governments - Common/case law - Developed in response to specific questions brought before the court and usually follow precedent (previous rulings on an issue) Negligence - Absence of due care - General action attributed to benign careless - Failure to act in a manner demonstrating care and knowledge any prudent individual would - Medication errors, patient falls, use of restraints, equipment injuries Malpractice

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