History 103 Mid-Term Study Guide-1

History 103 Mid-Term Study Guide-1 - Native America:...

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Unformatted text preview: Native America: Cahokia- • Largest and Most complex Mississippian Center • Population=20,000 • Environmental factors key to its rise and fall • Composed of man-made earthen mounds • Largest archaeological site related to the Mississippian culture Europe Confronts Modernity: Mercantilism-economic theory that holds the prosperity of a nation dependable upon its supply of capital and that the global volume of trade is “unchangeable.” Renaissance- • Began in Italy • Birth of the modern world • Challenged traditional political doctrines • Rise of the Individual (Each Individual has rights) Reformation- • Luther’s 95 Theses attacks Church • Based on renaissance humanism • Spawned a variety of reform movements, including Calvinism and the English Reformation. • Protestantism becomes the official and permanent religion of England • Puritans thought that official English Protestantism was not reformed enough. Martin Luther- • His 95 These’s attacks church corruption • Spawned a variety of reform movements • The moveable printing press was established to spread Luther’s theses • Challenged the authority of emphasizing the bible as the sole source of religious authority. • Helped inspire the protestant reformation Elizabeth 1- • Queen of England during Reformation • Protestantism becomes the official and permanent religion of England with the ascension of Elizabeth. Copernicus- • Publishes “On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres” Social Construction- • Race as we know it becomes constructed • Many stereotypes of African peoples existed in England during the early modern period. • Race as a category created by society • Includes ethnicity, gender, and class • Ideas change over time Early Exploration Henry the Navigator • Focus on mapmaking • Sponsored first expeditions to round the capes and reach india by sea • First to explore Africa and began African slave trade • Justified slavery w/christianization The Colonial Cheasapeake: Head right system- • Based on indentured servitude • Benefits both planters and servants who survive their terms • Successful because of high mortality rate • Freedom Dues • Plenty of land and opportunity • High tobacco prices • More people, more land=more tobacco money Virginia Company- Indentured Servitude- • Black and white servants (all lived together/worked together) • Male/Female • Field/Domestic Labor • Based on English system of yearly servant contracts • Generally 7 year terms • Most new arrivals did not survive past “seasoning” Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay: Puritans • “purify” the Anglican church • Opening exhortation • Centrality of sermon • Hearing of the word in order to discern the state of one’s soal • Bible quotations critical to sermons • Communion taken infrequently • Communion open only to the elect • Favor of separating from the English Church; only wanted to change certain aspects of the church....
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HIST 103 taught by Professor Antracoli during the Fall '08 term at St. Francis PA.

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History 103 Mid-Term Study Guide-1 - Native America:...

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