Boundaries - a map-Religious boundaries are rarely used b/c...

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Why do boundaries cause problems? Boundary- an invisible line marking the extent of a state’s territory.   There are two types of boundaries: -PHYSICAL BOUNDARIES     -Mountains are effective if they are difficult to cross.    -Deserts are effective if hard to cross and sparsely settled.     -Water boundaries can be effective for defense because an  assailant’s troops must establish a beachhead in order to  attack.  Rivers pose problems because they tend to move  across the Earth’s surface as a result of erosion.  Oceans are  the cause of some controversy because of arguments about  how far a state’s boundary protrudes into the water.  The Law of the Sea, signed by 117 countries in 1983, established the  territorial limits for most countries at 12 nautical miles, and  fishing rights at 200 miles -CULTURAL BOUNDARIES    -Geometric boundaries are simply mathematical lines drawn on 
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Unformatted text preview: a map. -Religious boundaries are rarely used, b/c they normally coincide with state boundaries. -Language boundaries are especially numerous in Europe. -Implemented boundaries are those established by the ruling organization. Ex. The “Green Line” boundary in Cyprus. (p.277-78) -Relic boundaries are nonfunctional partitions that still exist. Ex. The Great Wall of China. There are 5 shapes of states:-Compact states- the distance from the center to any boundary varies little. Generally found in smaller states.-Prorupted states- an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension. Ex. Congo-Elongated states- have a long and narrow shape. Ex. Chile-Fragmented states- have several discontinuous pieces of territory. Ex. U.S.A.-Perforated states- completely surround another state. Ex. South Africa...
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