Three ego defense mechanisms are common in OCD: isolation, undoing, and reaction formation Isolation people unconsciously isolate and disown undesirable thoughts, experiencing them as foreign intrusions Undoing people unconsciously cancel out an unacceptable desire or act by performing another act Reaction formation a person suppresses an unacceptable desire by taking on a lifestyle that expresses the opposite desire Psychodynamic therapists treat OCD how? with free association by getting them to see the underlying conflicts and defenses Behaviorists have focuses on what for OCD? explaining and treating compulsions rather than perceptions Behaviorists think that people get their compulsions how? happen upon their compulsions quite randomly - they randomly link an action with a tense time Rachman showed that compulsions are rewarded by what? a reduction in anxiety Exposure and response prevention exposed to objects or situations that produce anxiety and then must resist compulsion Cognitive theorists explain OCD how?
- Fall '08
- Psychology, Defence mechanism, intrusive thoughts