Lecture 2 Nature of Archaeological Inquiry Print Version

Lecture 2 Nature of Archaeological Inquiry Print Version -...

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Ignore it Henderson. It’s unscientific The Nature of Archaeological Inquiry The Three Goals of Archaeology R econstruct culture history: understand the distribution of archaeological remains through time and space. R econstruct Past Lifeways: Determine past behavior through material remains. E xplain the process of culture change: Understand how and why cultures change through time. How do we do it? Through Material Culture M aterial culture is the material means by which humans adapt to the world… A rtifacts F eatures E cofacts S ites R egions
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Things used, modified or manufactured by humans Usually portable Artifacts Ecofacts Natural items used by people or somehow otherwise having cultural associations. Plants Pollen Animals Shell 1. Fire hearths 2. Garbage pits 3. Soil Stains 4. Artifact clusters 5. Architectural elements Features Non-portable evidence of technology
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Sites Spatially-defined locations of human activity containing artifacts, features, or ecofacts. The Mount Vernon Distillery Whisky as George Washington Intended it! Mount Vernon Distillery Research Themes 1. Whisky production technology 2. Spatial layout of the production within the building and the gristmill/distillery 3. How the distillery fit into the regional economy Mount Vernon Distillery Research Themes 1. Whisky production technology 2. Spatial layout of the production within the building and the gristmill/distillery 3. How the distillery fit into the regional economy Brought to you by the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States and the Wine and Spirits Wholesalers of America!
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Regions Areas across the landscape where archaeological sites are distributed Geographical concept Ecological and cultural factors determine Stereotypes of Science Archaeological Science is concerned with the application of the physical and natural sciences to archaeology. Archaeology is a Humanistic Science
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Lecture 2 Nature of Archaeological Inquiry Print Version -...

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