ReyesValbuenaM_M5_A1 - Ethnographic Comparison 1 Running...

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Ethnographic Comparison 1Running head: Ethnographic Comparison Module 5 Assignment 1: Ethnographic Comparison Mariana Reyes ValbuenaArgosy UniversityAnthropologists are interested in making hypothesis about human behavior; for this purpose they perform systematic study of people or cultures known as ethnography studies. When an anthropologist is performing an ethnography study he seeks to explore a cultural phenomenon like marriage. Marriage, in many cultures, is seen as an economic decision, where women’s economic future is in jeopardy. In developing countries where women rights are limited, the marriage decision is taken by their relatives, in most cases the father or one of her brothers. In order to ensure that these conclusions are not grounded on single examples, we are going to analyze kinship and marriage takes place in the Bengali Hindu and the Kurdish cultures.First, I will do a short description on the background of each culture, how people get married andtheir traditions, how their traditions had been adapted to current lifestyle and finally a comparison among both practices.
Ethnographic Comparison 2Bengali Hindu is the native ethnic group on the Bengal region which is located inthe northeastern part of the Indian subcontinent between the Indian state of West Bengal and Bangladesh. In general, the Bengali society is mostly rural, to the point where even Bengalis living in cities feel attached to a natal or ancestral village in the countryside. This community hasa caste system, dividing society in various castes dividing high income and low income people. The caste system is a social stratification system that separates communities into several endogamous hereditary groups, known as Jatis; apart from Jatis there is another group known as Dalits or the untouchable. For Bengalis, family is very important and represents the core of their social life. In this society, the male line determines that inheritance of land will be done through the male line, the residence of a newlywed couple will be near or at the groom’s family and the men will trace the descendent. It is also a society where every aspect of life is controlled by men, and women are expected to stay home and take care of the household. Anthropologists define these types of societies as patriarchal and patrilineal. It is common that the newlyweds move to the Bari, which is the household conformed by a husband and wife, their unmarried kids, their married kids and their families (wife and children). In some cases, the household may also include other patrilineal

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