IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)Volume 21, Issue 9, Ver. 7 (Sep. 2016) PP 35-42 e-ISSN: 2279-0837, p-ISSN: 2279-0845. The Concept of Jihad In Islam Ramlan TengkuErwinsyahbana Nurul Hakim Abstract.:-It is an undisputable fact that jihad is an Islamic teaching that is explicitly mentioned in Quran, Hadith, ijma'as well as various fiqh literature from classical time to the contemporary time. Jihad term often usedfor things that are destructive by western scholars and society. For them, jihad is synonymous with terrorism.The similarization of the word Jihad with the word terrorism in the Western perception is strongly reinforced by aseries of terror committed by Muslims in the name of jihad. These acts have been increasingly affecting theinterpretation of the word jihad in a negative way although in reality that is not the case in a contemporarycontext. Jihad in contemporary understanding is not just a war against visible enemies but also a war against thedevil and carnality. Even a war against visible enemies that are written in classical fiqh books has now replacedby a contemporary interpretation of jihad against the enemies, as was done by Dr. ZakirNaik. KEYWORDS:Concept, Jihad and Islam I.INTRODUCTION When the 9/11 attack hit the United States more than a decade ago, the term jihad became a trending topicworldwide. The US and other Western countries in general claim that the perpetrators of the 9/11 attack werefollowing the doctrine of Jihad in Islam in order to fight against America and its allies around the world. Sincethat time the doctrine of jihad serves as a common enemy to be fought with terror by America and its alliesagainst some Islamic countries that are allegedly harboring terrorists.Nowadays, there are two poles of thoughtthat see jihad from two very different points of views. The first is the terrorists' who interpret jihad terminologytextually without looking at the context so that the classic concept of jihad as interpreted by the juries long timeago still used today. Secondly, the opinion of those who consider jihad as something that would endanger humanlife and needs to be eradicated from the roots. With this opinion, Western oppressors tried to eradicate Muslimcountries in the name of terrorist control without no further detailed explanation sought.It is Interesting to studydeeper how the actual concept of jihad in the perspective of both classical and contemporary Islamic fiqhinterpretation. It is also interesting to explore some legal basis of the jihad concept emergence in Islam. II.JIHAD IN ETYMOLOGICAL AND TERMINOLOGICAL TERMS The concept of jihad can be viewed from linguistic and theological views. The meaning of the concept of jihad inIslamic law is made based on the Koran and the hadith. Etymologically, the word jihad is derived from theArabic, the second form of isimmasdar of jaahada, yujaahidu, mujaahadatan and hihaadan which means "Workwholeheartedly". (Mansur, 1992: 9). Another meaning of the word jaahada is sincerity or great effort. (Ghafur.