MG214_Week 9 Governance, Accountability and Ethics.pdf -...

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WEEK 9GOVERNANCE,ACCOUNTABILITY AND ETHICSMG214Principles of Public Sector ManagementThursday, May 20th, 2021The University of the South PacificBy Christian Girard
1. Governance3. Ethics2. AccountabilityPLAN FOR TODAY’S COURSEGoodGovernance
1.1DEFINITIONS OF GOVERNANCE(BOVAIRD AND LOEFFLER, 2016:370)Theexercise of political powerto manage a nation’s affairs. (World Bank, 1989: 60)Governance is the process whereby societies or organizationsmake importantdecisions, determine whom they involve and how they render account.(Canadian Institute on Governance,)Public governance ishow an organization works with its partners, stakeholdersand networks to influence the outcomes of public policies. (GovernanceInternational, UK,)The pattern or structure that emerges in a socio-political system as a‘common’ result or outcome of the interacting intervention efforts of allinvolved actors. This pattern cannot be reduced to [the outcome produced by] oneactor or groups of actors in particular. (Kooiman, 1993: 258)
1.2WHAT IS GOVERNANCE?(UNESCAP & CITIZENS’ CONSTITUTIONAL FORUM, FIJI)Governance can be defined as theprocess of decision-making and theprocess by which decisions are implemented(or not implemented).Corporate(NB: organizational)& international, national, local levelsGovernance focuses on:Theformal and informal actorsinvolved in decision-making andimplementing the decisions made; andTheformal and informal structuresthat have been set in place to arrive atand implement the decision.Government not the sole actor, but one in anetwork of government andsocietal actorsin the policy process (e.g. citizens, civil society, media,businesses, associations, ministries, political parties, religious organizations)
1.3MOST DEFINITIONS SHOW THAT GOVERNANCE…(BOVAIRD AND LOEFFLER, 2016:372)Assumes a multiple stakeholder scenario, where collective problems can no longer besolved only by public authorities but require the cooperation of other players (citizens, business,voluntary sector, media, etc.)and in which practices such as mediation, arbitration and self-regulation may often be even more effective than public action;Recognizes the importance of both formal rules (constitutions, laws, regulations) andinformal rules (codes of ethics, customs, traditions), but assumes that negotiation betweenstakeholders seeking to use their power can alter the importance of these rules in specificsituations.No longer focuses only on market structures as steering mechanisms, as inconventional ‘New Public Management’ approaches, but also considers hierarchies (such asbureaucracies) and cooperative networks as potential facilitating structures in appropriatecircumstances;Employs reasoning not only in terms of the logic of ends and means, inputs and outputs, butrecognizes that some characteristics of key social interaction processes(transparency,integrity, inclusion, etc.) are valuable in themselves;Is inherently political, concerned as it is with the interplay of stakeholdersseeking to

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Term
Fall
Professor
Maureen Fatiaki
Tags
Government, Public Administration, Accountability, public management

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