Comm301 - Exam 1

Comm301 - Exam 1 - Nonverbal Communications Exam Chapter 1...

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Nonverbal Communications Exam Chapter 1 Nonverbal communication : the process of one person stimulating meaning in the mind of another person or persons by means of nonverbal messages (65 – 93% of all meaning communicated is attributed to nonverbal elements) Nonverbal behavior becomes nonverbal communication if another person interprets the behavior as a message and attributes meaning to it. Nonverbal vs. Verbal No language language Continuous discrete (beg and end) Gives “off” info gives info Ambiguous clearer Multi channel one channel (voice) Emotional cognitive Categories of Nonverbal Messages P : Paralanguage O : Oculesis C : Clothing K : Kinesis E : Environment T : Territoriality C : Chronemics H : Haptics P : Proxemics Functions of Nonverbal Communication C : Complementing: adds to, reinforces, elaborates, or explains the intended meaning of the verbal message (ex: saying I love you in a calm soft voice) C : Contradicting (ex: sarcasm) A : Accenting: emphasizes (ex: pausing b4 you speak signals what you’re about to say is important; speaking louder, touch someone while talking emphasizes what you said) R : Repeating: (ex: want two tacos, you might hold up two fingers as well) R : Regulating: (ex: raising one finger while pausing signals you aren’t done talking) S : Substituting (gestures that substitute language ex: shh, stop) Nonverbal communication is culturally specific and regulated by social norms
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Chapter 2: Physical Attractiveness Homophily : usually attracted to people that we perceive are similar to us Heterophily: sometimes people are attracted to others that are different then themselves - hard if you have different core beliefs Types of Attractiveness - physical attractiveness : degree to which we perceive another person as attractive because of her or his physical attributes; initial impression - social attractiveness : want to hang out with them - task attractiveness : think they would be good to work with Image Fixation - a long term view a person has about her or his image or body - signs: eating disorders, plastic surgery, diet industry, cosmetic industry Attractiveness Research - educational setting : teachers interact more with attractive students - persuasive setting : attractive people can persuade people more easily - interview setting : attractive people have better chance of getting entry level job but have hard time moving up - dating and marriage : men are more concerned with looks then women - matching hypothesis : although people are attracted to people more attractive then themselves at first, most people date/marry people who are the same attractiveness as themselves (long term) Personal body concept : the perception you have of how attractive your body is, and what you perceive to be the particular attributes of your body Nonverbal Messages of Body Shape - endomorph : oval shaped, heavy, large abdomen o emotional, sensitive, forgiving, slow, relaxed
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course COMM 301 taught by Professor Lears during the Fall '07 term at Towson.

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Comm301 - Exam 1 - Nonverbal Communications Exam Chapter 1...

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