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Beh 225These four psychologists, Freud, Jung, Rogers, and Maslow were innovative and thought provoking thinkers and theorists. Each one of these individuals has had an enormous impact on the field of psychology as a whole. Although their theories differ in some aspects, they all share some commonalities. All four of these theorists supported the concept of an unconscious state of personality.BEH 225
Sigmund Freud’s concept of psychotherapy dealt with the role of the unconscious to direct human behavior. Freud’s view considers that humans are conducted primarily by sexual and aggressive instincts and the pursuit of pleasure, which is driven by the unconscious structure called the id.The pleasure principle is the principle of obtaining an immediate pleasure in twoways-reflex options and fantasy through wish fulfillment or satisfaction of instincts(Morris and Maisto, 2002). He believed that the largest role-player of the human mind is the unconscious. Freud held fast to the theory that the mind is divided into three parts called the id, the ego and the superego. The id is the mind’s pleasure-seeking mechanism, the ego is the rational part of the mind and the superego the equilibrator of the desires of the id and ego. In concert, the id, ego and the superego are the sources for all human motivations. He also contributedto the field of dream analysis and to the study of the human tendency to seek gratification. He believed that sexual urges are present from birth and he identified five stages of psychosexual development.