exam 3 review chem 104

exam 3 review chem 104 - Exam III Review Sheet Chapters 14...

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Exam III Review Sheet Chapters 14 (not 14.4), 15, and 16 1. Know how to draw and name the following types of organic compounds: a) Esters (RCOOR’ where R’ cannot equal H) – name the alkyl or aryl group from the alcohol portion first, then as the derivative of the carboxylic acid portion, -oate at the end replacing –oic acid . b) Acid Chlorides (RCOCl) – name as the derivative of the carboxylic acid portion, -oyl chloride at the end replacing –oic acid . c) Acid Anhydrides (R-CO-O-CO-R’) – name as the derivative of the carboxylic acid portions, -oic anhydride at the end replacing –oic acid , can be either symmetrical (R=R’), or unsymmetrical (R does not equal R’). When unsymmetrical, put in alphabetical order. d) Amines – First one must classify amines into primary, secondary, tertiary based on the number of alkyl or aryl groups on the N atom. 1) for 1º amines (RNH 2 ), can either name the –NH 2 group (the amino group) as a substituent on a longer carbon chain (IUPAC), or give the common name as an alkylamine (if Ar–NH 2 this is an aniline compound). 2) for 2º amines (RNHR’) and 3º amines (RNR’R”), give the common name as an alkylamine where the alkyl groups are alphabetized. e) Amine salts – name as the derivative of an amine, where an alkylamine produces an alkylammonium salt, with the anion named last.
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exam 3 review chem 104 - Exam III Review Sheet Chapters 14...

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