Lecture 4 - Biology of Cancer and AIDS Understanding DNA...

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Understanding DNA and Mutations Understanding DNA and Mutations Biology of Cancer and AIDS Biology of Cancer and AIDS
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Cells and Position of DNA Cells and Position of DNA
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Cell Division Cell Division http://www.search.com/reference/Cell_division
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DNA Replication DNA Replication http://fig.cox.miami.edu/~cmallery/150/gene/c16x7copy-dna.jpg
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Proof Reader Proof Reader http://fig.cox.miami.edu/~cmallery/150/gene/mol_gen.htm#3
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Comparative Error Rates Comparative Error Rates The Human genome has over 3 billion nucleotides!
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The Cell and Genes The Cell and Genes The Human Genome The instructions ( genes ) the human body needs to function are packaged into chromosomes . This complete set of instructions is called the human genome . There are 22 pairs of numbered chromosomes plus two sex chromosomes, X and Y
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Chromosomes and Gene Chromosomes and Gene
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± DNA Æ transcription Æ mRNA Æ translation Æ Protein ± DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a linear polymer of repeating nucleotide monomers ± The letters of the DNA genetic alphabet are the nucleotides A , T , G , & C ± A always pairs with T and G always pairs with C ± In RNA (ribonucleic acid) the
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course MICROBIO 160 taught by Professor Hamilton during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Lecture 4 - Biology of Cancer and AIDS Understanding DNA...

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