Lecture 12 - Lecture 12: Waiting to Inhale Biology of...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 12: Waiting to Inhale Biology of Cancer and AIDS http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/VC/B/B/F/F/_/vcbbff.jpg Smoking: Major Timelines • 1730: VIRGINIA: First American tobacco factories begun in Virginia--small snuff mills • 1760: Pierre Lorillard establishes tobacco manufacturing in New York City. P. Lorillard is the oldest tobacco company in the US • 1791: London physician John Hill reports cases in which use of snuff caused nasal cancers • 1828: GERMANY: Heidelberg students Ludwig Reimann and Wilhelm Heinrich Posselt purified nicotine and determines that it is a “dangerous poison” • 1836: USA: Samuel Green of the New England Almanack and Farmers Friend writes that tobacco is an insectide, a poison, a filthy habit, and can kill a man . • 1847: ENGLAND: Philip Morris opens shop; sells hand-rolled Turkish cigarettes. • 1852: Matches are introduced, making smoking more convenient. • 1855: "Annual Report of the New York Anti-Tobacco Society for 1855" calls tobacco a "fashionable poison," warns against addiction and claims half of all deaths of smokers between 35 and 50 were caused by smoking • 1862: First Federal tax on cigarettes • 1874: Washington Duke & Sons builds tobacco factory in Durham NC • 1876: Benson and Hedges begins in London • 1880: James B. Duke bought the rights to the first cigarette-making machine; cigarette use increased. • 1881: Cigarette rolling machine invented. Prior to this, all cigarettes sold were hand-rolled. • 1889: Annual cigarette production in US is 2.4 billion and 140 die of lung cancer worldwide • 1889: Buck Duke forms American Tobacco Company (ATC) • 1899: R.J Reynolds begins manufacturing chewing tobacco • 1901: Philip Morris (PM) starts to sell Marlboro • 1913: RJR introduces Camels • 1927: Lucky strike advertises to women • 1938: Dr. Pearl publishes “Tobacco smoking and longevity” in Science...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course MICROBIO 160 taught by Professor Hamilton during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Lecture 12 - Lecture 12: Waiting to Inhale Biology of...

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