Feminist Perspective on Families

Feminist Perspective on Families - Feminist Perspective on...

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Feminist Perspective on Families Family Status definitions (from the 2000 Census) household - all persons occupying a housing unit, whether they are related or not. family - a group of two or more persons, one of whom is the householder, related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. householder - the person in whose name the household is owned or rented. family household - household maintained by a family and unrelated persons residing there. The Family: Basic Concepts The family is a social institution, found in all societies, that unites individuals into cooperative groups that oversee the bearing and raising of children. Family ties are also called kinship , a social bond based on blood, marriage, or adoption. In the United States, most people regard a family unit as a social group of two or more people, related by blood, marriage, or adoption, who usually live together. Families form around marriage , a legally sanctioned relationship, usually involving economic cooperation, as well as sexual activity, and childbearing, that people expect to be enduring. Common characteristics of families in different cultures 1. Common residence 2. Economic cooperation 3. Socially approved sexual relationships 4. Reproduction 5. Child rearing 6. Marriage Feminist Perspective on families 1. Family is a social, not a natural, unit a. family is in a state of constant fluctuation The Changing Family Structure • About 50% of U.S. adults see the nuclear family as the ideal type of family; however, the nuclear family represents only 10% of families in the U.S. Alternatives to the nuclear family include: 1) Single parent families – these are usually female headed; they are becoming the most common alternative to the nuclear family (30% of U.S. families) 2) Serial monogamy – results from increased rates of divorce and individuals who marry more than once; involves commitment to marriage--one spouse at a time 3) Reconstituted families – consists of children from both parents who remarry; serial monogamy when children are involved
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4) Cohabitation – living together before marriage or as an alternative to marriage; common among young adults due to economic reasons or as preparation for marriage 5) Communal living – common among religious sects; involves the sharing of sexual relationships and child-rearing responsibilities 6) Childless couples – married couples who choose not to have children (e.g., for career advancement) 7) Open marriage – involves an open exchange of sexual partners or acceptance of extra- marital relations by both spouses 8) Same sex marriages – involves either gay men or lesbian women; partners fight for the same rights given to heterosexual couples; they are increasingly adopting children or using "surrogate mothers" to bear children for them. b.
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Feminist Perspective on Families - Feminist Perspective on...

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