Feminist Perspective on Families
Family Status definitions (from the 2000 Census)
household - all persons occupying a housing unit, whether they are related or not.
family - a group of two or more persons, one of whom is the householder, related by
birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together.
householder - the person in whose name the household is owned or rented.
family household - household maintained by a family and unrelated persons residing
The Family: Basic Concepts
is a social institution, found in all societies, that unites individuals into
cooperative groups that oversee the bearing and raising of children.
are also called
, a social bond based on blood, marriage, or adoption.
the United States, most people regard a
as a social group of two or
more people, related by blood, marriage, or adoption, who usually live together.
Families form around
, a legally sanctioned relationship, usually
involving economic cooperation, as well as sexual activity, and childbearing, that
people expect to be enduring.
Common characteristics of families in different cultures
Socially approved sexual relationships
Feminist Perspective on families
Family is a social, not a natural, unit
family is in a state of constant fluctuation
The Changing Family Structure
• About 50% of U.S. adults see the nuclear family as the ideal type of family; however,
the nuclear family represents only 10% of families in the U.S. Alternatives to the nuclear
Single parent families
– these are usually female headed; they are becoming the most
common alternative to the nuclear family (30% of U.S. families)
– results from increased rates of divorce and individuals who marry
more than once; involves commitment to marriage--one spouse at a time
– consists of children from both parents who remarry; serial
monogamy when children are involved