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Activity 1 - Principles and Purposes of Language Assessment.docx

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Republic of the PhilippinesCAPIZ STATE UNIVERSITYROXAS CITY MAIN CAMPUSFuentes Drive, Roxas City, Capizwebsite:email address:[email protected]COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONName:Ralph Laurence P. DemaisipEMMANUEL D. DAYALO, EdDBSEd English 3ACourse FacilitatorENG 121 – Teaching and Assessment of Literature StudiesActivity 1: Principles and Purposes of Language AssessmentDISCUSSION POINTS1.Differentiate testing, assessment, evaluation, and measurement.Simply put, a“test”refers to a tool, technique or a method that is intended tomeasure students’ knowledge or their ability to complete a particular task. In this sense,testing can be considered as a form of assessment. Tests should meet some basicrequirements, such as validity and reliability.(Vergara, Omaira, 2013).On the otherhand, according toCarol Chapelle and Geoff Brindley, (Universities of Iowa State andMacquarie),in the context of language teaching and learning,'assessment'refers to theact of collecting information and making judgments about a language learner'sknowledge of a language and ability to use it.Assessments are the tools and methodseducators use to what students know and are able to do. Assessments range from teacherquestioning techniques to statewide assessments. Assessments are only useful if theyprovide information that is used to improve student learning. Assessment inspires us toask these hard questions: "Are we teaching what we think we are teaching?" "Arestudents learning what they are supposed to be learning?" "Is there a way to teach thesubject better, thereby promoting better learning?" In education,“evaluation”is theprocess of using the measurements gathered in the assessments. Teachers use thisinformation to judge the relationship between what was intended by the instruction andwhat was learned. They evaluate the information gathered to determine what studentsknow and understand, how far they have progressed and how fast, and how their scoresand progress compare to those of other students. Creating valid and reliable assessmentsis critical to accurately measuring educational data. Evaluating the information gathered,however, is equally important to the effective use of the information for instruction. Onthe flip side, the word“measurement”,as it applies to education, is not substantiallydifferent from when it is used in any other field. It simply means determining theattributes or dimensions of an object, skill or knowledge. We use common objects in thephysical world to measure, such as tape measures, scales and meters. These measurementtools are held to standards and can be used to obtain reliable results. When used properly,they accurately gather data for educators and administrators. Some standardmeasurements in education are raw scores, percentile ranks and standard scores.

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Term
Spring
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
language assessment, Teacher Assessment and Evaluation

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