18th Century art in Europe.docx - 18th Century art in...

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18 th Century art in Europe & the Americas Rococo 1700 -1750 Neoclassicism 1750 – 1815 Court moved from Versaille back to Paris Power changed from court to aristocrats Shifting art style from baroque to Rococo French royal academy dictated art in Paris Fete galante: Women were never accepted into the academy Other countries started making their own academies Historical context from textbook for Rococo The transformations of this period were informed by a new way of thinking informed by the scientific revolution In England, John Locke argued that reason and rationale should supplant superstition Isaac Newton = empirical observation, rational evaluation, logic, math, sciences. General thinking that humans are not superstitious being ruled by god or the aristocracy and people should have rights (life, liberty, happiness) Separation of church and state Rococo has its roots in the salon culture of Paris replacing the court culture at Versailles Developed in France around 1715 when the court was moved to Paris from Versailles Salons • Intimate, fashionable, intimate gatherings that mimicked the court of Versailles • Usually hosted by women Rococo Rococo is in the fluff, intimate sensual paintings, mirrored walls, more details, in your face Overt sexual overtones, temporary triumph of color over line Figures are slender and set from the back. Ornate colors and fabrics S shapes, C shapes, volutes, naturalistic plant forms Silver and gold against pastels Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717 Opposite of what the academy celebrates Submitted as a presentation piece of what the Rococo style is Rubenesque inspiration
Color next to color to make the shapes Not a clear story line Watteau, Les Fetes Venitiennes, 1719 o Famous dancers are the subjects, grounded within reality o Man courting a woman o Self portrait of the painter o Woman talking to actor o

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