Utilitarianism Challenges

Utilitarianism Challenges - Challenges to Utilitarianism...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Challenges to Utilitarianism 10/03/06 Mill and (non human) animals o Would a utilitarian advocate respect for animals? If so, what form should that respect take? An absolute prohibition against eating meat or testing on animals for medicine or cosmetics, or something milder? The Great Apes Project o The GAP, founded by Italian philosopher Paola Cavalieri and Australian philosopher Peter Singer, is campaigning to have the UN endorse a Declaration on Great Apes. This would extend what the project calls the “community of equals” to chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans o The declaration seeks to extend to non-human great apes the protection of the three basic interests: the right to life, the protection of individual liberty, and the prohibition of torture. Mill and punishment o Three justifications for punishment of a criminal: Retribution Deterrence (special, general) Expression of an attitude (like respect for the victim, or even the perpetrator). Depending on the severity of the crime and the score on utilitarian calculus, the criminal may be acquitted Carritt’s defense of Mill o A strict “felicific calculus” is not required for utilitarianism: one need not know, of two forms of happiness h1 and h2 such that h1 is higher than h2, how much
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor Green during the Fall '06 term at UVA.

Page1 / 2

Utilitarianism Challenges - Challenges to Utilitarianism...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online