Bentham Utilitarianism

Bentham Utilitarianism - Jeremy Bentham's Utilitarianism...

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Jeremy Bentham’s Utilitarianism September 26, 2006 Jeremy Bentham 1748-1832 English reformer and philosopher Still visible at UCL; sometimes even dines there Founder of utilitarianism What makes a society just? The “natural law” approach (This requires knowing about human nature.) The “procedural” approach (This requires getting the procedures right.) The “utilitarian” approach (This requires a theory of the distribution and maximization of happiness.) Jeremy Bentham offers a theory of the latter sort. (Mill will build on his work.) Bentham’s Principle That principle that approaches or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question. What Makes Act’s Right? The utilitarian answer: Perform that act, from the acts available, that has the highest overall expected utility (not just utility for yourself.) Note: “The greatest good for the greatest number,” is at best an inaccurate slogan. Egoism versus Utilitarianism
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor Green during the Fall '06 term at UVA.

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Bentham Utilitarianism - Jeremy Bentham's Utilitarianism...

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