L07-Psychopharmacology - Principles of Psychopharmacology...

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Principles of Psychopharmacology 2/13 Introduction to Psychopharmacology o Psychopharmacology The study of the effects of drugs on the nervous system and on behavior o Drug Effects The changes a drug produces in an animal’s physiological processes and behavior o Sites of Action Locations at which molecules of drugs interact with molecules located on or in cells of the body, thus affecting some biochemical processes of these cells. o Pharmacokinetics The process by which drugs are absorbed, distributed throughout the body, metabolized, and cleared. Routes of Drug Administration o Intravenous (IV) injection Injection directly into a vein (goal is to get a drug to the site of action; easiest way is through the bloodstream) o Intraperitoneal (IP) injection Injection into peritoneal cavity, which is the space that surrounds the stomach, intestines, liver, and other abdominal organs Not used in humans; often used in animals o Intramuscular (IM) injection Injection of a drug directly into a muscle o Subcutaneous (SC or SQ) injection Injection of a substance into a space beneath the skin Not used in humans o Oral administration Administration of a substance into the body by swallowing o Sublingual administration Administration of a substance by placing it beneath the tongue
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  • Spring '07
  • Brunges
  • Pharmacology, Transdermal administration Administration, Oral administration Administration, Intrarectal administration Administration, Intracerebral administration Administration, administration Administration

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L07-Psychopharmacology - Principles of Psychopharmacology...

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