Mill's Utilitarianism

Mill's Utilitarianism - Mill's Utilitarianism September 28,...

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Mill’s Utilitarianism September 28, 2006 Office Hours: 1-3 on 9/28 and next Tuesday John Stuart Mill o 1806-1873 o English philosopher, economist, and administrator o Son of one of Bentham’s friends o A prodigy, starting Greek at age 3 o Helped to found University College of London o Social reformer and advocate for women’s rights, birth control, and public ownership of natural resources Mill’s Creed o “The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals “utility” or “the greatest happiness principle” holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.” (7) Utilitarianism vs. Egoism o In general, utilitarians will feel morally obliged to act in ways that run counter to egoism (Recall ex. Of plate of brownies) o In principle, however, an egoist could behave in ways that look utilitarian o It all depends on the egoist’s desires Theistic digression o Adams remarks (“Must God create the best?”) that the Judeo-Christian tradition is not utilitarian o He also remarks that if God were a utilitarian, S/He would be obliged to follow principle P. o Since Adams argues that God is not obliged to follow P, he would infer that God is not a utilitarian. How does one prove a moral theory?
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Mill's Utilitarianism - Mill's Utilitarianism September 28,...

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