AP US HISTORY Jackson ERA Notes - Age of Jackson(1820-1850 111 Panic of 1819 Bank tightened loan policies depression rose throughout the country hurt

AP US HISTORY Jackson ERA Notes - Age of Jackson(1820-1850...

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Age of Jackson (1820-1850)111.Panic of 1819– Bank tightened loan policies, depression rose throughout the country, hurt western farmers greatly112.Election of 1824 – “corrupt bargain” and backroom deal for JQ Adams to win over Jackson113.Tariff of Abominations – under JQ Adams, protectionist tariff, South considered it the source of economic problems, made Jackson appear to advocate free trade114.Jackson’s Presidency – focused on the “Common Man;” removal of Indians, removal of federal deposits in BUS, annexation of territory, liberal use of veto115.Transportation Revolution– river traffic, roadbuilding, canals (esp. Erie), rise of NYCErie Canal– goods able to be transferred from New York to New Orleans by inland waterwaysNational Road– part of transportation revolution, from Cumberland MD to Wheeling WVa, toll road network; stimulated Western expansion116.Indian Removal Act– Jackson was allowed to relocate Indian tribes in the Louisiana TerritoryFive Civilized Tribes– Cherokees, Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Seminoles; “civilized” due to their intermarriage with whites, forced out of their homelands by expansion“Trail of Tears”– Cherokee tribe forced to move from southern Appalachians to reservations in current-day Oklahoma, high death tollCherokee Nation v. Georgia– first attempt of Cherokees to gain complete sovereign rule over their nationWorcester v. Georgia

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