Lecture 1_Sociological Perspectives (2).ppt - Micro and...

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Micro and Macro SociologyMicrosociologyentails detailed study of what people do and say, individual attitudes and behaviors.Macrosociology focuses upon large scale and long term social processes of organizations and institutions. These include broad social patterns related to changes in the nation-state, or how social class, family structure and changes in the economy affect culture and society.Individual vs. Social structural perspectives. Many sub-fields in sociology combine both
Social Structure vs. AgencyAre social structures (e.g economic systems) primary in determining an individual’s life chances, wellbeing and attitudes etc…?Or, do individual traits determine life chances etc. ?Social Structure (e.g economy)Life Events Independent VariableDependent Variable IVDVIndividual Agency Life ChancesIndependent VariableDependent Variable IV
Conflict Theories (Structural)Conflict Theorist believe existing social relationships are generally beneficial for certain people, and disadvantage other groups of people. Concentrate on Power: The ability to control the behavior of others—even against their will.Concentrates on the “winners and “losers” in any social arrangement.
Karl MarxOriginator of conflict approaches used in much sociological thought. Among the first to take political economy, social structure, and social class (social stratification) seriously.

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