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Kerry HuntzberryProfessor HebbarBuddhism – Final ExamMay 9, 20141.Narrate the reasons for the decline of Buddhism in India. Describe the doctrine of Reality, cosmology and soteriology of the Nyāya-Vaiśeika system of Classical ṣHindu thought and all aspects of the philosophy of Śankara-Vedānta. (30 points) Thedecline of Buddhism in India was partly due to a historical aspect and partly due to a philosophical aspect. Under the historical aspect of this decline, there were five main reasons for the failing of Buddhism in India. The first reason is due to the invasion of the Hans. This is not referring to the Hans of the Kinishka period, but the Hans were a vast group of people, coming from many areas. The second reason was because Buddhism, in itself, has a great intellectual exhaustion for all people involved; especially Indian Buddhism. It requires one to constantly use your mind, which, after a long period of time, can cause someone to need a break and rest the mind. The third reason for the decline of Buddhism in India was due to Hinduism. Compared to Hinduism, Buddhism lacked rituals and colorful ceremonies that were appealing the people. Hinduism, for an Indian point of view, was overall more appealing because of the wonderful ceremonies Hinduism had. Hinduism had been forming for a while now around Buddhism. The Vedic Hinduism form of the religion was trying to help the Classical Hinduism side of the religion. Each of these two branches of Hinduism had their own scriptures. Some of these include the Hindu epics, the puranas, and the agamas. The Hindus claimed that these scripture were an extension of the Vedas, but in reality they were not. Another branch of Hinduism was Temple Hinduism, which was generally just the worshiping of the Hindu Gods. This branch was more broadly based and less caste conscious. In general everyone was more equal. The next reason for the decline of Buddhism in India is because the Hindus were able to absorb the Buddha so well into their religion. The Hindus decided to declare the Buddha to be the ninth incarnation of their god, Vishnu. By doing this, the Hindus had accepted the Buddha into their religion and it was not just a way of life, but rather something very important to them. The last reason for the decline of Buddhism in India had nothing to do with Hinduism, but rather was the coming of Islam into India that caused the decline of Buddhism. The religions of Buddhism and Christianity had set great precedents as spreading religions and another was about to arise. The prophet Arabia Mohammad lived from 570-623 CE. Throughout the area, there was orthodox Christianity, Coptic Christian Egypt, Zairian Iran, Buddhist Afghanistan, and the “dharmic” India. Slowly the religions and people of these areas just mentioned began to all convert to Islam.At the time of the Medinan Caliphate, which lasted from 632-660 CE, caused Egypt to stop being Christian in 641 CE. Egypt rather turned to Islam as their religion. Then, soon after, most of Turkey switched to Islam. Turkey was too scared to completely convery to Islam though