test I - Bio 310 People to focus on/history Mendel- wanted...

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Unformatted text preview: Bio 310 People to focus on/history Mendel- wanted to use mice picked peas- diploid, 2x chromosomes (1 from each parent) easy, countable phenotypes Law of Segregation- 2 of each chromosome in a body cell, dominance/recessiveness, only 1 chromosome per gamete Law of Independent assortment- when 2 pairs of factors are involved, they behave independently In each body cell, 2 of each chromosome If factors are dissimilar, dominant/recessive During gamete formation, only 1 chromosome per gamete (segregation) Combination of gametes is random When two factors are involved, they behave independently (ind. assortment) 1879- Flemming- Chromatin = DNA and protein in cells used a microscope thread like material in nucleus 1902- Sutton/Boveri- Chromosomal theory of inheritance Egg and sperm carry genetic material No cytoplasm in sperm, therefore genetic material in nucleus Chromosomes- paired in somatic cells Only one pair of each identical chromosome in a gamete 1904- Cuenot- Mice- multiple recessive forms...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course BIOL 301 taught by Professor Eggleston during the Fall '07 term at VCU.

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