Writing Sample For FPRI

Writing Sample For FPRI - Impact of External Powers in...

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Impact of External Powers in Middle East External powers have impacted the politics of the Middle East from an early time. From the Ottoman empire to European rule to decades of bipolar world politics under the U.S. and U.S.S.R, saying the impact of external powers on the Middle East is exaggerated is to ignore centuries of colonialism and indirect rule of the Arab world from Great Britain, France, and Russia, just to name a few. However, whether the impact they had on politics was a positive or negative one is another argument entirely. Whether indirectly increasing political awareness, eluding a disarray of borders and identities, or diminishing efficacy and legitimacy by impeding Arab independence, imperial policies affected political development in a big way. One of the biggest influences in the Middle East was the constant challenge to national identity. From carving up territory, to passing on their cultures, it was hard for any group of people to feel completely unified. As early as the 18 th century, during the nine year Egyptian occupation of Syria and Palestine the Wali of Egypt, Muhammad Ali, invited European experts to help develop the area under his rule. French Jesuits were some of the most eager to come. The French influence continued for years, particularly when Sa’id Pasha became viceroy of Egypt in
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PS 1270 taught by Professor Harrison during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Writing Sample For FPRI - Impact of External Powers in...

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