Your sense of values and norms are reengineered with

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your sense of values and norms are reengineered with each new social environment o Ex: the socialization from high school student to college student Total Institution- an institution that controls all the basics of daily life o Ex: boarding schools, monasteries, the military, and colleges
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Statuses Status- a recognizable social position that you occupy Ascribed Status- a status that you’re born into Achieved Status- a status we’ve earned through our own work and efforts Master Status- one status that tends to override all others Role(s)- duties and behavior that come with a particular status Gender Socialization Process of internalizing gender roles through social factors such as families, media, and peers Gender Roles- sets of behavioral norms assumed to correspond to one’s status as a male or female Gender Socialization and Families Starts before we’re even born More gender-policing for boys than girls (Kane, 2012) o Stepping outside gender roles comes with boundaries for boys Ideas about masculinity o Limited emotions, heightened aggression, activity Ideas about femininity o More passivity, emotion may be more acceptable Reinforced through interactions and the toys we buy Gender Socialization Among Peers Fag Discourse- the policing of gendered behavior among adolescent males Social Capital
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Social Capital- information knowledge of people, things, and connections that help one enter and leverage social networks One of three types of capital described by Bourdieu o Economic (money, assets, etc.) o Social (networks, group, etc.) o Cultural (mannerisms, cultural taste) Marx included capital as anything that could help you perform economically o Money, assets, etc. Bourdieu expands this to include culture Those with higher social/economic/cultural capital had ability to dictate cultural taste; this taste becomes widely accepted as norm o Tea Time in Britain o White wedding dresses Types of Cultural Capital Embodied Cultural Capital- knowledge that is consciously or passively acquired through socialization Objectified Cultural Capital- the property and items you own; material possessions o Clothes, car you drive, etc. Institutionalized Cultural Capital- institutional accreditation of cultural capital o Degrees o Certificates o Job titles Paying for the Party A study of women attending Midwestern University (Armstrong, 2013) Student and parents background had major influence on college experience o Experience with living alone or traveling with peers o Academic preparedness
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o Experience with diversity Those with more social/cultural capital were able to do better Social/Cultural Capital in the Greek System o Frats had influence on the party scene in an exclusionary and gendered way o Sorority Rush took used common cultural capital to determine recruits The students with less privileged backgrounds didn’t have the know-how of these situations Davis and Moore’s Functions of Inequality
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  • Fall '11
  • Staff
  • Sociology, Emilie Durkheim

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