6264 6 c its impossible to tell an argument is

Info icon This preview shows pages 14–16. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
62–64. 6. c) It’s impossible to tell. An argument is contextually relevant if it fits within the context established by previous conservation or dialectic. This argument is the first, so there is no context for it to fit within. See pp. 65–71.
Image of page 14

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking , Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 Passage 8 1. b) No. A premise is acceptable if the arguer does not have to bear the burden of proof, or, if the arguer does, then they do so successfully. In this case, the landlord is unlikely to just accept that the plumbing doesn’t work. Thus, the tenant does bear the burden of proof. Unfortunately, the tenant does not provide an argument to support this claim, so the burden is not borne successfully. Thus, it is an unacceptable premise. See pp. 52–56. 2. b) No. A premise is acceptable if the arguer does not have to bear the burden of proof, or, if the arguer does, then they do so successfully. In this case, the landlord is unlikely to just accept that the stove has been broken for a month. Thus, the tenant does bear the burden of proof. Unfortunately, the tenant does not provide an argument to support this claim, so the burden is not borne successfully. Thus, it is an unacceptable premise. See pp. 52–56. 3. b) No. A premise is acceptable if the arguer does not have to bear the burden of proof, or, if the arguer does, then they do so successfully. In this case, the landlord is unlikely to just accept that there is a funny smell in the basement. Thus, the tenant does bear the burden of proof. Unfortunately, the tenant does not provide an argument to support this claim, so the burden is not borne successfully. Thus, it is an unacceptable premise. See pp. 52–56. 4. b) No. In order to be deductively valid, it must be impossible for the conclusion to be false and the premises true. For this argument, it is possible that the premises are true and yet the conclusion (“So I shouldn’t have to clean the yard”) is not. For example, the tenant may have agreed to look after the yard when signing the lease, which wouldn’t affect the truth of any of the premises that he gives. See pp. 60–61. 5. b) No. Premises are relevant to the conclusion if they make it more likely to be true. In this case, they are not relevant. The states of the plumbing, stove, and basement have no obvious connection to cleaning the yard. It’s possible that there’s a connection, of course, but without it being spelled out explicitly, we have to assume that there isn’t one. Since the premises are not relevant, they cannot be sufficient. Therefore, this argument is a weak non-deductive argument. See pp. 62–64. 6. b) No. An argument is contextually relevant if it fits within the context established by previous conservation or dialectic. This argument is not contextually relevant. The tenant does provide a rejoinder to the landlord’s conclusion by simply denying it, but the issues raised by the tenant look like attempts to distract from the issue at hand—namely, the state of the yard. This suggests that the tenant is trying to introduce a red herring, which makes this
Image of page 15
Image of page 16
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern